What is the wash-sale rule and does it apply to crypto?


Investors cannot claim a tax loss on the sale of a security if they sell the security within 30 days before or after a “substantially similar” sale, according to the wash-sale rule, a tax regulation.

Internal Revenue Service (IRS) The United States established the wash-sale rule, which prohibits investors from deducting tax losses from their taxes if they sell an investment at a loss and later buy a nearly identical security within a 30-day period. Instead, they must include the loss in the cost basis of the new security, which will reduce their gains or increase their losses when they eventually sell the new asset.

Cost basis refers to the original value of an asset, such as a stock or cryptocurrencywhich is used to determine taxable profit or loss When the asset is sold or sold. The cost basis is usually the purchase price of the asset, which includes any fees or commissions associated with the purchase. If the asset was received as a gift or through inheritance, the cost basis can be changed to reflect the fair market value of the asset at the time of acquisition.

When an asset is sold, the capital gain or loss is determined on the cost basis. The investor receives capital gains and can subject to taxation On that profit if the sale price of the asset exceeds the cost basis. If the selling price is less than the cost basis, the investor experiences a capital loss. This loss can be used to offset capital gains and reduce the investor’s tax burden.

“Substantially identical” refers to securities that are nearly identical to the security sold, as in the case of buying stock, selling it, and buying back the original stock within 30 days. However, it can be difficult to determine what constitutes a substantially similar security, and the IRS has wide discretion in making that determination.

The wash-sale rule was created to prevent investors from claiming tax deductions for losses while maintaining the original structure of their portfolios. All types of securities, such as stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and options, fall under this rule.

For example, the wash-sale rule is likely to apply, and the investor will not be able to claim a tax loss on the sale if the investor sells shares of a certain company at a loss and then buys shares of the same company or companies. Which is the same within 30 days in the same industrial area. Similarly, if an investor sells shares in a mutual fund that tracks the S&P 500 Index and then buys shares of a different mutual fund that tracks the same index within 30 days, the investor is subject to a 30-day penalty. is subject to. ,

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