United Nations Refugee Agency (UNHCR) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM)iom) called for a more collaborative approach to better respond to the anticipated impact of the changes on the southern US border.
“The The Challenges America Faces Call for Ambitious, Innovative, and Principled Cooperation among all the stakeholders,” the agencies said.
Such planning should be based on genuine solidarity with international law and to advance protection and solutions for refugees and migrants, and align with the prescribed framework. Global Compact on Refugees, Global Compact for Safe, Orderly and Regular MigrationAs well as the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection.
new US sanctions
Welcoming positive initiatives to expand resettlement and other regular routes in the field, agencies Concerned about new restrictions on access to asylum Following the “long overdue” lifting of the Title 42 public health order by the United States.
Since the start of the pandemic in 2020, title 42 has been used approximately 2.5 million times at the southern border by US immigration officials to deport people to Mexico or their home country, without assessing what risks they faced as a result of being returned.
Barriers preventing people from exercising their fundamental human right to seek asylum are unacceptable and contrary to international obligations of states, she said, adding that new US government rules restrict access for asylum seekers who are from another country come irregularly after transit, inconsistent with the principles of international refugee law,
While the number of people arriving at the US border has increased in recent years, the agencies said most people moving to the US are still hosted by countries in Latin America.
“The challenges presented by the movement of refugees and migrants cannot be solved by any country in isolation,” he said.
,Real progress can only come through joint efforts To remove the causes of displacement and irregular migration.
The agencies said more could be done through supporting the communities that are hosting the majority of displaced people, providing fair and effective asylum procedures and access to other legal living arrangements, and Facilitating access to safe and regular routes As an alternative to dangerous journeys.
more effective response
The agencies said a more effective response requires collaborative engagement by states and other stakeholders to strengthen solutions while expanding access to protection and shelter and regular pathways to migration.
He said the US-led expansion of refugee resettlement and other regular routes is a welcome step that can offer real options to desperate people who are risking their lives to find safety and solutions.
facilitate and expand access to resettlement, family reunification, humanitarian parole, and labor mobility plans, can Saving lives and protecting people from trafficking, smuggling and other forms of violenceThey said.
UNHCR and IOM are ready to double the efforts The agencies said to work with all countries and existing regional mechanisms to make this a reality.
However, expanding resettlement and other regular avenues cannot replace the responsibility of states to provide people with access to territory and asylum procedures, he urged.
Any return agreements between states, including asylum seekers in a third country, must be maintained in practice principle of no returnProhibition of forced return of people in situations where their life and safety are at risk, he stressed.