in appeal to “real dialogue” To address the crisis, experts expressed deep concern about the alleged repression, arbitrary killings, arrests, detentions and enforced disappearances of protesters in Peru.
The situation arose from the expulsion of Congress on 7 December after accusing it of trying to oust then-president Pedro Castillo.
Mr Castillo remains in pre-trial detention on charges of rebellion and conspiracy. She was replaced by Mrs. Dina Boluarte, who was sworn in as the next President.
Democratic ‘credibility crisis’
“people have Right to protest and raise your concerns about political changes It affects their lives and livelihoods,” experts said, before warning that Peru’s democracy was “facing a credibility crisis”.
Since the protests began last December, Peru’s ombudsman has reported that 48 protesters and one law enforcement agent have been killed, while 1,301 people have been injured and hundreds have been arrested.
In response to the demonstrations, the new government declared a state of emergency for a month which has now been renewed twice. Experts said new general elections have not been scheduled and demands for constitutional reform have not been addressed.
If authorities fail to acknowledge that a person is in fact imprisoned, or they fail to provide information about the detained person’s whereabouts, what initially begins as a lawful detention, It could be a case of “enforced disappearance”.
notify next of kin
“it is It is important to keep victims and their families informed about the progress of the investigation”, said independent rights experts.
They also expressed concern about reports of violence against journalists and media persons covering the protests, including deliberate targeting by police forces, and urged the government to take all necessary measures to ensure that Media persons covering events can work safely.
guarantee of accountability
The experts reiterated the State’s obligation to fully operationalize, Speedy, Effective, Fair and Independent Investigation in alleged human rights violations. He reminded that accountability must be ensured for rights violations committed during the protests.
“While the State must ensure accountability for alleged acts of violence committed by some protesters, a distinction must be made between those who exercise their right to freedom of peaceful assembly. and those who commit acts of violence in the context of demonstrationssaid the experts.
Experts said repression by state officials has disproportionately affected human rights defenders, indigenous people and farming communities across Peru.
Experts are calling on the Peruvian government for a swift political solution, noting the need for accountability, and an end to violence and repression in the context of the protests.
Special Rapporteurs and independent experts based in Geneva are appointed by human rights council To investigate and report on a specific human rights issue or country situation. The positions are honorary and the experts are not employees of the United Nations, nor are they paid for their work.